A prenatal paternity test is a conclusive way to determine if a man is the father of an unborn child. It is an option for those who do not wish to wait until the baby is born to determine paternity.
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Which test is right for your situation? Legal or Standard Prenatal Paternity?
These two purposes require the same high quality DNA testing services, but they have different requirements for DNA sample collection.
Legally Admissible Test:
Paternity test results can be used for many different legal purposes.To ensure that the DNA test results are legally defensible, tested parties must undergo a legal testing process through which ‘chain of custody’ is maintained. The ‘Chain of Custody’ process ensures that samples are performed & collected by a neutral third party & never by the donors themselves. This test is performed as early as 9 weeks into the pregnancy, with a simple blood draw eliminating risk to the fetus. This exciting test is the first of its kind and works by isolating fetal DNA from the mothers blood using complex bioinformatics algorithms. Once identified, fetal DNA is then compared to DNA from an alleged father to conclusively determine if a relationship exists.
Like all of our tests, the standard home prenatal paternity test kit is simple, confidential, but may not be admissible in court. The standard home prenatal paternity test from Alltests North America can help you determine the paternity of your child while it is still in the womb – with the help of your OB/GYN.
How is a Prenatal Paternity Test DNA Collected?
For a prenatal paternity test, DNA samples can be gathered during the first or second trimester of your pregnancy. The difference from our other paternity test options, where you collect your own DNA samples, is that prenatal paternity testing requires that your child’s DNA samples be collected by your OB/GYN via a CVS procedure or an amniocentesis.
CVS Method: The first method for gathering prenatal paternity test DNA is the CVS method. The CVS method can be used for early pregnancy testing, as samples can be gathered as early as the 10th week in some cases. In this procedure, chorionic villi are collected from the placenta and tested for chromosomal differences.
Amnio Method: The second option for collecting DNA samples for a prenatal paternity test. During an amniocentesis, an ultrasound is used to help determine the ideal place to insert a long, thin needle, which will penetrate the amniotic sac and draw a small sample of amniotic fluid. This sample contains cells shed by the unborn child. In total, an amniocentesis takes approximately 45 minutes to perform and can be used for collecting prenatal paternity test samples as late as week 21 in some cases.